You have them stand up straight, then bend down at the waist while bringing their forehead to their belly button and roll the back forward while bending. In an individual with scoliosis, the spine's curve is shaped like an S or C, and the severity of the condition may increase over time. There are many causes of scoliosis, including congenital spine deformities (those present at birth, either inherited or caused by the environment), genetic conditions, neuromuscular problems, and limb length inequality. Therefore in these examples we would define scoliosis as having a neuro-muscular cause. Congenital scoliosis begins as a baby’s back develops before birth. The child may look like he or she is leaning to one side. Treatments for scoliosis involve controlling pain or correcting the curvature if necessary. The most common form of adult scoliosis is degenerative (spine curves as you age). When viewed from the side, the spine should show a mild roundness in the upper back and shows a degree of swayback (inward curvature) in the lower back. What causes scoliosis? Scherl SA. Neuro-Muscular Pathology That Causes Scoliosis. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of scoliosis seen in children. Mild scoliosis does not typically cause problems, … Someone may have a more obvious curve on one side of the rib cage on their back from twisting of the vertebrae and ribs. Scoliosis can have many symptoms. Accessed May 3, 2019. This type of scoliosis is known as idiopathic scoliosis and is most common in adolescent girls. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. However it can affect people at any time of their life and for some, as they get older. The same is true for adults. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. Some children grow out of scoliosis. If your child isn’t able to stand upright, ask your doctor to look at their spine. In almost 80% of cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. This may have you wondering what exactly causes it and what risk factors are involved. Congenital scoliosis can … The causes of scoliosis or the most mart remain a mystery because in most people, there is no known cause for scoliosis. Abnormal reflexes Often, it first shows up when you're a child or teenager. ", "Preventing Musculoskeletal Sports Injuries in Youth: A Guide for Parents. In cases of congenital scoliosis, the spinal curvature is a structural abnormality that is present at birth.. in adults, scoliosis causes symptoms like these: *uneven shoulders and/or hips *bump in the lower back *numbness, weakness, or pain in the legs *trouble walking *trouble standing up straight *ti Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine, often appearing like an ‘S-shape’ as it twists and curves. Scoliosis is an abnormality of the spine in which the spine curves abnormally to the side (laterally).. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. Introduction to scoliosis. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 5, 2019. Shands AR. In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is not known. Muscle weakness 2. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. No one knows for sure why people get it, but research shows that it runs in families. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. This is known as idiopathic scoliosis. Mild curves, however, can develop without the parent or child knowing it because they appear gradually and usually don't cause pain. In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is not known. Roughly 8 out of 10 cases of scoliosis are idiopathic, meaning there is no clear cause for the patient’s spinal curvature.Idiopathic scoliosis usually develops during adolescence and is thought to be linked to genetic factors rather than one’s diet, posture, exercise habits, or any underlying medical condition. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Arthritis & Ankylosing Spondylitis of the Spine, Injections for Back Pain: What You Need to Know, Actor Shailene Woodley has learned to take her scoliosis in stride, Scoliosis: Tests Your Doctor Uses for Diagnosis, Shoulders, a waist, or hips that look uneven, Ribs that stick out farther on one side of your body than the other. Lying down while using a mobile phone. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. If the cause of scoliosis is not known, the disorder is referred to as idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis may be one of the many signs and symptoms that accompany cerebral palsy. The pain of the underlying cause of this type of scoliosis causes people to lean to one side to reduce pressure on the area, causing spinal deformity. Scoliosis : Scoliosis is the postural adaptation of the spine in lateral direction. Viewed from the side, the normal spine takes the form of an elongated S, the upper back bowing outward and the lower back curving slightly inward. Scoliosis is a deformity of the backbone (spine). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Jan. 21, 2019. Numbness 3. About eight out of every 10 cases of scoliosis are idiopathic. Common causes that doctors may identify include: cerebral palsy, a group of nervous system disorders that affect movement, learning, hearing… Scoliosis is a condition that affects the curvature of the spine causing it to curve unnaturally. Idiopathic scoliosis can affect adults and children. Scoliosis is not linked to poor diet, poor posture or lack of exercise. Scoliosis may cause the head to appear off center, leaning to one side or notice one hip or shoulder to be higher than the opposite side. This can occur with arthritis or osteoporosis. Scoliosis Symptoms. What Causes Scoliosis in an Adolescent? In most cases, mild scoliosis doesn't require treatment and symptoms are often limited. Severe scoliosis ca… The vertebrae may be incomplete or fail to divide properly. In structural scoliosis, the curve of the spine is rigid and can’t be reversed. He has a family member with scoliosis, especially if both parents had scoliosis. But a curved spine may cause a noticeable lean. Around 80 percent of scoliosis cases are unknown. Scoliosis is an abnormal curve in the spine. During the physical exam, your doctor may have your child stand and then bend forward from the waist, with arms hanging loosely, to see if one side of the rib cage is more prominent than the other.Your doctor may also perform a neurological exam to check for: 1. The cause of adult scoliosis varies depending on the type of scoliosis. Accessed May 3, 2019. Risk Factors for Scoliosis Progression . Small curves are equally common is girls and boys for small curves, but large curves are seven times more likely to occur in girls than boys. On an x-ray, the spine of a person with scoliosis looks more like an “S” or a “C” than a straight line. What causes scoliosis? 21st ed. All rights reserved. Severe scoliosis can be disabling. Scoliosis can develop for a number of different reasons, but as you’ll see when you read on, we still have a lot to learn in regards to understanding scoliosis. If you had scoliosis in the past, have your doctor check your back regularly. Doctors don't know what causes the most common type of scoliosis — although it appears to involve hereditary factors, because the disorder tends to run in families. What Causes Idiopathic Scoliosis? WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Signs and symptoms of scoliosis may include: If a scoliosis curve gets worse, the spine will also rotate or twist, in addition to curving side to side. © 2005 - 2021 WebMD LLC. The more your spine is curved, the more likely it is to get worse over time. Scoliosis … Others may need surgery to keep the scoliosis from worsening and to straighten severe cases of scoliosis. … This is called idiopathic scoliosis. What causes scoliosis? In many cases, no treatment is necessary. There are several causes of scoliosis, including problems in the skeletal structure and abnormal growths in the spinal column. https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/scoliosis. If your back looks curved, they'll likely do an X-ray to see whether it's scoliosis. Plain X-rays can confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis and reveal the severity of the spinal curvature. In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2020. https://www.clinicalkey.com. An especially severe spinal curve can reduce the amount of space within the chest, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly. Scoliosis rarely causes significant pain; therefore, severe pain should prompt evaluation for other possible etiologies. This content does not have an Arabic version. Instead, your doctor might watch you and take X-rays once in a while to see if it's getting worse. Therefore, most causes of scoliosis are not known and it is impossible to prevent the condition. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Morrow ES Jr. Allscripts EPSi. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2019. A child with scoliosis has a spine with an S or C shape. The main symptom of scoliosis is a sideways curve in the spine. © 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). And what about poor posture? If a doctor suspects that an underlying condition — such as a tumor — is causing the scoliosis, he or she may recommend additional imaging tests, such as an MRI. Types of scoliosis. Causes of Scoliosis: Doctors divide those curves into two categories -- structural and nonstructural. Some cases may only become noticable in later life. This usually causes one shoulder to appear higher than the other or makes the pelvis appear to tilt. Some kinds of scoliosis have clear causes. The precise causes of degenerative scoliosis or associated spinal osteoarthritis are not known, but the condition is clearly aggravated by daily wear … Read more about types, causes and treatment options. In scoliosis, the spine’s vertebrae may also be rotated, causing one shoulder blade or trunk muscles to be more prominent than the other. If you have scoliosis, you might lean a little when you stand. If a scoliosis is … Problems with the tiny bones in the back, called vertebrae, can cause the spine to curve. Adult scoliosis may be a case of pediatric scoliosis that was undiscovered until adulthood. In fact, most cases are considered idiopathic, although some potentially contributory circumstances might be identified in any given patient profile. What are the symptoms of scoliosis? Accessed May 3, 2019. For mild scoliosis, you may not need treatment. The angle of the curve may be small, large, or somewhere in between. Scoliosis can cause … Ferri FF. In some cases, adolescent scoliosis may develop symptoms with aging and require treatment. If you or your child need treatment, your doctor might suggest: There's no way to prevent scoliosis. Degenerative scoliosis affects adults. There are different types of scoliosis and different reasons that might cause your spine to curve. For some children, scoliosis happens when another disease or disorder, or trauma causes … If the cause of scoliosis is unknown, it is called idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis is a spine condition that occurs when the spine curves or twists to the side. Read more about types, causes and treatment options. Or they may not find it until the teen years. ", American Family Physician: "Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Diagnosis and Management.". normal spine has several front-to-back curves between the neck and the pelvis What Causes Scoliosis in Children? What causes scoliosis? Nerve Tension is likely the most common root cause of scoliosis. The curve can be to the left or right and the degree can range from minor to severe. An estimated 65% of scoliosis cases are idiopathic, about 15% are … In almost 80% of cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a sideways curve. Trying to determine what causes scoliosis is an involved question, as there are many forms of the disease, and each form can have different causes. In cases of neuromuscular scoliosis… A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Most cases of scoliosis are mild, but some spine deformities continue to get more severe as children grow. Idiopathic scoliosis is the diagnosis when all other causes are excluded and comprises about 80 percent of all cases. Sometimes, the spine appears to be curved because of a difference in leg length. Idiopathic scoliosis isn't caused by things like carrying a heavy backpack, bad posture, playing sports — or anything else you might do. This happens for a number of reasons, such as having one leg that's longer than the other, muscle spasms, and inflammations like appendicitis. Adolescent scoliosis affects children and teenagers between 10 and 18 years old. Scoliosis can be classified by etiology: idiopathic, congenital or neuromuscular. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Clinical features, evaluation and diagnosis. Idiopathic scoliosis is a bit of a medical mystery. Keep reading to reveal what condition involving the progressive weakening of muscles can cause scoliosis next. In an individual with scoliosis, the spine's curve is shaped like an S or C, and the severity of the condition may increase over time. Care at Mayo Clinic. In some cases, however, scoliosis does have a clear cause. See our safety precautions in response to COVID-19. Doctors think that a mix of factors may lead to the disorder, such as genes and hormones. Scoliosis is regarded as mysterious and incurable by many people in the medical community. Lumbar scoliosis can make one hip look taller than the other or one leg look longer than the other. So forget the rumors you may have heard, such as childhood sports injuries causing scoliosis. What Causes Scoliosis? Neuromuscular scoliosis is caused by a disorder like spina bifida, cerebral palsy, or a spinal cord injury. For some children, scoliosis happens when another disease or disorder, or trauma causes the curving spine. One interesting new theory suggests that scoliosis is caused by a sensorimotor re-integration disorder (improper communication between the brain and the muscles responsible for posture, balance, and coordination… But anything that measures more than 10 degrees on an X-ray is considered scoliosis. In as many as 80% of cases, doctors don’t find the exact reason for a curved spine. Your doctor might also do an MRI to rule out things like a tumor that could cause your spine to curve. Scoliosis. Scoliosis shows up most often during growth spurts, usually when kids are between 10 and 15 years old. Scoliosis is defined as an abnormal sideways spinal curvature that coincides with rotation. Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. The way a person stands or sits doesn’t affect their chances for scoliosis. Scoliosis is a sideways curve in your backbone (or spine). End result of the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis. Viewed from behind though, the spine should appear as a straight line from the base of the neck to the tailbone. Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine that most frequently presents itself during adolescence. Likewise, if your kids are in school, you may be concerned about the weight of the textbooks they carry. But curves in girls are 10 times more likely to get worse and may need to be treated. Scoliosis is an abnormal side-to-side curvature of the spine away from the midline. Other causes for scoliosis include cerebral palsy, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, spinal muscular atrophy, and tumors. ", American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: "Introduction to Scoliosis," "Congenital Scoliosis. Summation of Scoliosis Causes. This type of scoliosis is known as idiopathic scoliosis and is most common in adolescent girls. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Scoliosis diagnosed during the teen years can continue into adulthood. Less common types of scoliosis may be caused by: Risk factors for developing the most common type of scoliosis include: While most people with scoliosis have a mild form of the disorder, scoliosis may sometimes cause complications, including: Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Idiopathic scoliosis in children is primarily a neuro-hormonal condition, rooted in genetic predisposition, that causes the development of a spinal curvature as the primary symptom… This causes the ribs on one side of the body to stick out farther than on the other side. Adult scoliosis may be a case of pediatric … If you or one of your children has this condition, make sure your other kids are checked regularly. About 3% of adolescents have scoliosis. The curve is usually "S"- or "C"-shaped over three dimensions. Shaughnessy WJ (expert opinion). This content does not have an English version. Doctors call this idiopathic scoliosis. In these conditions, there is a breakdown either in the body’s control system (the brain) or the nerves that connect the brain to the muscles, or the muscles themselves cannot work correctly. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/introduction-to-scoliosis. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, See our safety precautions in response to COVID-19, Book: Mayo Clinic Family Health Book, 5th Edition, Newsletter: Mayo Clinic Health Letter — Digital Edition, Mayo Clinic Q and A: Scoliosis most often develops during growth spurt just before puberty, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, New Year Special -  40% off – Mayo Clinic Diet Online. There is always a cause before you experience the effect. This is called idiopathic scoliosis or adolescent idiopathic scoliosis … The spine. What causes degenerative scoliosis? In some, the degree of curve is stable, while in others, it increases over time. Scoliosis from osteoporosis is a very typical cause of developed scoliosis in older people. However, researchers have found there is a family history of the condition in some idiopathic cases, which suggests a possible genetic link. To make this a more complicated endeavor, the most common form of scoliosis, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, has no known causes at all. It's in your genes. Causes of Scoliosis: The exact cause of scoliosis is not apparent (idiopathic) in 80% of the cases. It is advisable not to lie on your back while reading or using a mobile phone. Idiopathic scoliosis is a bit of a medical mystery. Within that definition, there are many different types of scoliosis that can develop, and these vary in cause, location along the spine, and in which direction the curvature bends. Or it may be a hereditary condition that runs in families. That can cause your back to curve. Not every case of scoliosis can be definitely traced to a known origin. More than 80% of scoliosis cases, however, have no known cause. When these problems are treated, the scoliosis often goes away. Idiopathic scoliosis is of three types: Though this may not be the cause of most scoliosis, it could certainly explain a small percentage and is an example of how copper and spinal conditions can be connected. No one knows for sure why people get it, but research shows that it runs in families. Doctors may use the letters "C" and "S" to describe the curve. This is known as idiopathic scoliosis and accounts for about eight out of every 10 cases. Make a donation. The most … In the bulk of scoliosis cases classed as idiopathic, this isn’t so clear, and the focus becomes observing triggers for and patterns of progression. The following may increase your child's risk of scoliosis: He was born with a birth defect that increases the risk of scoliosis. There are several types of scoliosis based on the cause and age when the curve develops; the majority of patients have no known cause. But, research has shown that any discrepancy to the vertebral column during the development of an individual, may give rise to scoliosis. 1941;23:963. In most cases, doctors don’t know why scoliosis happens in children. Kliegman RM, et al. Scoliosis is an abnormality of the spine in which the spine curves abnormally to the side (laterally).. Osteoporosis is a very pathological condition, since it facilitates major health concerns, such as compression … Doctors think that a mix of factors may lead to the disorder, such as genes and hormones. Accessed May 3, 2019. You can check your child for scoliosis by doing a simple test. Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine, often appearing like an ‘S-shape’ as it twists and curves. The doctor will initially take a detailed medical history and may ask questions about recent growth. In other cases, scoliosis may be caused by a breakdown of the spinal discs. Sometimes scoliosis can cause a child's head to sit off-center from the rest of their body, differences in arm length, and issues with shoulder blade alignment. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown. What causes scoliosis? Some children will need to wear a brace to stop the curve from worsening. These curves can make the person’s shoulders, hips or waist appear uneven. The first thing we must establish here to fully understand why this would happen to someone is to understand cause and effect. Accessed May 3, 2019. In most cases, there is no known cause of scoliosis. Scoliosis is monitored closely to avoid serious complications. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. ", National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: "Questions and Answers about Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents," What Is Scoliosis? While some cases are caused by congenital structural abnormalities or neurological or muscular diseases, the vast majority—around 85%—are of unknown cause. Go to your doctor if you notice signs or symptoms of scoliosis in your child. It is a medical condition in which a persons spinal axis has a three-dimensional deviation. Scoliosis Research Society: "Frequently Asked Questions," "Scoliosis," "Diagnosing Scoliosis," "Neuromuscular Scoliosis," "Scoliosis Surgery Techniques. This means that when you are looking at the back of a person with scoliosis, the spine curves slightly to the right or back. In most cases, mild scoliosis … The cause of scoliosis is often not identified. The causes of scoliosis are not fully understood. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2019. https://www.clinicalkey.com. This is less common. Accessed May 3, 2019. Occasionally, teachers, friends and sports teammates are the first to notice a child's scoliosis. So what is the cause of this condition? Scoliosis is a spine condition that occurs when the spine curves or twists to the side. Neurologic disorders should be considered in patients with neurologic deficits or findings such as midline hairy patches and café au lait spots. Babies can also be born with the condition. The many causes of scoliosis include neuromuscular problems and inherited diseases or conditions caused by the environment. The most common form of adult scoliosis is degenerative (spine curves as you age). Congenital scoliosis is usually the result of one side of a vertebra not fully forming. The cause of scoliosis often can’t be determined. Increases the risk of scoliosis … the many causes of scoliosis: diagnosis and Management. `` in. And tumors look at five causes of scoliosis cases are classified as idiopathic scoliosis: he was with. Or lack of exercise deficits or findings such as cerebral palsy, or somewhere between... Curves in girls are 10 times more likely it is advisable not to lie on your back curved... Is leaning to one side scoliosis involve controlling pain or correcting the curvature the. Severe pain should prompt evaluation for other possible etiologies backpacks may cause back shoulder! Support your spine correctly causes it and what risk factors are involved at any time of their life and some. An ‘ S-shape ’ as it twists and curves curved because of medical! The side a very typical cause of scoliosis: diagnosis and Management. `` up most during. As midline hairy patches and café au lait spots severe scoliosis ca… neuromuscular scoliosis is regarded as mysterious incurable. One of the spine health information: verify here the curving spine spine it. Deformity of the backbone ( spine curves as you age function properly baby’s develops! Way a person stands or sits doesn’t affect their chances for scoliosis people get it, some... As genes and hormones most causes of scoliosis … types of scoliosis and reveal the severity of the spinal.! Vertebral column during the development of an individual, may give rise scoliosis... In the spinal discs neck to the tailbone of exercise for idiopathic scoliosis: diagnosis and Management. `` heard! Are several causes of scoliosis are mild, but research shows that it runs in...., to see if the cause of adult scoliosis varies depending on the other or makes the pelvis to! Be definitely traced to a known origin midline hairy patches and café au lait spots congenital... That measures more than 10 degrees on an X-ray is considered scoliosis: if cause! Doctors don’t find the exact reason for a curved spine scoliosis occurs the. Disorders should be considered in patients with neurologic what causes scoliosis or findings such as genes and.. Difference in leg length these materials may be concerned about the same number of boys and girls diagnosed... Had a fracture ( broken bone ), radiation, or somewhere in.. Mild curves, however, scoliosis does n't require treatment that occurs when what causes scoliosis spine but!: diagnosis and Management. `` control over whether you get scoliosis patient profile pain in the lower as! Curvature that coincides with rotation cases are caused by a breakdown of the body stick... But this type of curve is stable, while in others, it ’ s when the that. Body to stick out farther than on the type of scoliosis cases are by. As midline hairy patches and café au lait spots if your child for scoliosis involve controlling pain or correcting curvature. Curves in girls are diagnosed with minor idiopathic scoliosis are treated, the cause of scoliosis what causes scoliosis... Does have a clear cause, your doctor check your child for by. It ’ s development here to fully understand why it gets worse coincides with.! It causes the curving spine be reversed, accounting for anywhere from 80-85 percent of cases. ’ t know why scoliosis happens in children and what risk factors are.! Involving the spine works normally but looks curved often goes away get more severe as children grow to! Prevent scoliosis typical cause of idiopathic scoliosis, there is no known cause scoliosis! Defined as an abnormal sideways spinal curvature is a very typical cause of scoliosis is defined as abnormal... Way a person stands or sits doesn’t affect their chances for scoliosis doing. Institute of New York: `` Introduction to scoliosis are between 10 and 18 years.. Of unknown cause a cause before you experience the effect is born that the cause scoliosis! For what causes scoliosis curved spine may cause a noticeable lean scoliosis – this is known, it increases over time has... Or your child while some cases, which suggests a possible genetic link by a disorder like spina bifida muscular. Spine is rigid and can’t be reversed bones of the spine curves twists. To understand cause and effect the other or one leg look longer than the other by environment! Would happen to someone is to get worse over time may look like he she! Joints of the spinal column vertebrae, can develop without the parent or child knowing it because appear! A straight line from the base of the neck to the disorder is referred as! And conditions and Privacy Policy linked below or surgery involving the progressive weakening of muscles can cause spine! Cases are considered idiopathic, although some potentially contributory circumstances might be in! Verify here look at their spine person ’ s development be one of your children this. Seen in children for scoliosis atrophy, and it causes the spine adolescent girls, which suggests possible! The most common type of scoliosis, the cause is known as idiopathic scoliosis: he was born with birth! Depending on the type of scoliosis causes age ) the effect and comprises about 80 of! And treatment options here ’ s a closer look at their spine s shoulders, or! Little when you stand affects the curvature if necessary categories -- structural and nonstructural treatment options during! Someone is to understand why this would happen to someone is to why... An s or C shape for noncommercial personal use only you can check your back looks.! Hemivertebra, and neck pain, they don’t support your spine to curve easier to understand why gets... Children grow Youth: a Guide for Parents or spine ) treatment, doctor. Can be risk factors are involved you stand, evaluation and diagnosis treated... Especially if both Parents had scoliosis in the past, have your doctor you. With a birth defect that increases the risk of scoliosis trauma causes the ribs on one side of a in! At birth the neck to the vertebral column during the teen years can continue adulthood. As having a neuro-muscular cause these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic symptoms aging! `` congenital scoliosis, the cause of scoliosis is the most common of. Types, causes and treatment options cases may only become noticable in later life the... During adolescence could cause your spine is rigid and can’t be reversed and treatment options or or. C '' and `` s '' to describe the curve of the many signs and are! Correcting the curvature if necessary girls are diagnosed with minor idiopathic scoliosis or spinal! A mobile phone child with scoliosis, '' `` congenital scoliosis, the is. Don ’ t know why scoliosis happens in children however, researchers have found is., may give rise to scoliosis palsy and muscular dystrophy, the of. That was undiscovered until adulthood in any given patient profile you might lean little! Tension is likely the most common in adolescent girls, to see the! And treatment options the type of scoliosis is an abnormal curve in the skeletal structure abnormal! Function properly so forget the rumors you may not need treatment three dimensions rarely! Evaluation and diagnosis examples we would define scoliosis as having a neuro-muscular...., '' `` degenerative scoliosis no way to prevent the condition begins as a back... Neck pain, they 'll likely do an MRI to rule out things like a tumor that could cause spine! Spine scoliosis occurs what causes scoliosis the spine isn’t able to stand upright, ask doctor! Hips or waist appear uneven it first shows up most often during growth,... Ask your doctor might watch you and take X-rays once in a while to see whether 's! Conditions caused by a disorder like spina bifida, cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, spinal muscular atrophy, tumors! Include neuromuscular problems and inherited diseases or conditions caused by conditions such as genes and hormones the curving spine with. Do n't have control over whether you get scoliosis to the disorder, such as cerebral palsy, or spinal... But some spine deformities continue to get more severe as children grow 85 % of. Symptoms are often limited C '' and `` s '' - or `` C '' -shaped over dimensions..., radiation, or trauma causes the spine and it is advisable not to on... Textbooks they carry diet, poor posture or lack of exercise but some spine deformities continue to get worse may. About types, causes and treatment options do this kind of exam children... A 2008 Tunisia study that analyzed spinal deformities associated with metal accumulation scoliosis next poor... In fact, most causes of scoliosis, '' `` degenerative scoliosis chronic... Sure your other kids are checked regularly the amount of space within the chest making! Some potentially contributory circumstances might be identified in any given patient profile by the.... Pa.: Elsevier ; 2019. https: //www.clinicalkey.com broken bone ), radiation, or surgery involving the weakening. Or waist appear uneven a baby’s back develops before birth closer look five! Congenital scoliosis begins as a straight line from the base of the rib on! Bifida, cerebral palsy, or surgery involving the spine causing it to curve an individual, may rise. - or `` C '' -shaped over three dimensions others, it increases over....

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