In Nature live it … In some species, this toothpad is made up of a large patch with several rows in a large cluster. The cichlids then raise the catfish as their own. Pygmy Leopard Catfish synodontis petricola: return to TOP : Cichlid : Angelfish : Click for larger image Double Black Angelfish also called Velvet Black Angelfish pterophyllum scalare: Click for larger image Black Lace Angelfish pterophyllum scalare: Click for larger image [2][4] In general in Synodontis species, females tend to be slightly larger than males of the same age.[6]. The maxillary barbel has a narrow membrane attached near the base and is straight without any branches. The exact function of the port is not known to scientists, although its presence has been observed in seven other catfish genera. Published August 6, 2019 Author: Mike - FishLore Admin Social Media: The Leopard Catfish (Corydoras trilineatus) is frequently confused with the Corydoras julii. Description: Synodontis. Catfish. Synodontis leopardinus Pellegrin, 1914 Leopard squeaker Upload your photos and videos Google image. The Petricola has a humeral process which is trilateral and elongated and its gill openings do not cross the pectoral fin spine. [4] All members of Syndontis have a structure called a premaxillary toothpad, which is located on the very front of the upper jaw of the mouth. Click on a picture below to shop and learn more about that fish. It lives among rock piles frequented by various species of mauna: small African cichlids. [4] The adipose fin is large, does not contain any rays, and has a convex shape. Selecting catfish to match the size of your aquarium A standard 10-gallon aquarium suits moderate or peaceful species such as the albino corydoras catfish. [2][4] It was first described by Belgian ichthyologist Hubert Matthes in 1959. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. A Synodontis Catfish – depending on the species you choose – would be a suitable tankmate for most fish on this list but not all of them together at one time in the same tank. Fish in the genus Acrochordonichthys have been observed to secrete a mucus with toxic properties from their axillary pore, but there is no scientific consensus as to the exact purpose of the secretion or the pore. [4], The maximum standard length of all known specimens is 11.5 centimetres (4.5 in) and a total length of 13.5 centimetres (5.3 in). Synodontis petricola, known as the cuckoo catfish,[2] or the pygmy leopard catfish,[3] is a species of upside-down catfish endemic to Burundi, Zambia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Tanzania where it is only known from Lake Tanganyika. Read our cookies policy here for more information. As a group they are commonly called Naked Catfish, Upside-Down Catfish, and Squeaker Catfish. It was first described by … Condition: ... Found in rocky habitats in Africa, synodontis petricola grows to around 5 inches, displaying a beautiful leopard print pattern, with black white edged fins. Catfish / Mochocidae / Pygmy Leopard Catfish Profile: Cuckoo Catfish, Even Spotted Synodontis, Pygmy Leopard Catfish Synodontis petricola Synonyms: S. petricolor Physical description: An elongated catfish whose body color is copper-yellow to gray and belly is white.Its color may change to lighter shades with age. Some specimens may have many spots covering their body, while others have but a few. [4] This character is used as a method of differentiating between to different but similar species of Syndontis. [4] The pectoral spine ends in short, white filament. [4] The bottom edge has a poorly-defined ridge on the bottom edge, and the top edge is convex. [4], The mouth of the fish faces downward and has wide lips that contain papilla. This tank picture looks better than 93.32% of tank pictures in … Premium Synodontis for Sale Also called Squeaker Catfish. The exact purpose of the skin folds is not known, but is a characteristic of the species of Syndontis that are endemic to Lake Tanganyika. Leopard Catfish - Corydoras trilineatus. Synodontis Dwarf Petricola – (Synodontis lucipinnis) $ 19.00. Whilst largely an egg scatterer in open waters, this species is unusual in that it is one of the few fish known for a breeding method known as 'Brood Parasitism'. Synodontis petricola, known as the cuckoo catfish, or the pygmy leopard catfish, is a species of upside-down catfish endemic to Burundi, Zambia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Tanzania where it is only known from Lake Tanganyika. They are very active fish and one of the most peaceful of the Synodontis family. [4], The back of the fish is yellowish to copper-brown and is covered with large, irregularly-shaped black spots. [4] S. petricola has a small axillary pore just below the humeral process. They will reproduce quite commonly in aquaria. Black spots cover the body and the dorsal fin. Synodontis petricola, known as the cuckoo catfish, or the pygmy leopard catfish, is a species of upside-down catfish endemic to Burundi, Zambia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Tanzania where it is only known from Lake Tanganyika. [4] The spine of the pectoral fin is slightly curved, roughly as long as the dorsal fin spine, with large serrations on the back side. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. [4] The anal fin contains three to four unbranched and seven to nine branched rays; it is vertically aligned with the center of the adipose fin. [4] The remaining portion of the dorsal fin is made up of seven dark branching rays. The Dwarf Synodontis Petricola named olso cuckoo catfish and pygmy leopard catfish, is a variety of catfish, derive from the Mochokidae family. [3], Like all members of the genus Synodontis, S. petricola has a strong, bony head capsule that extends back as far as the first spine of the dorsal fin. She brings the sperm through her digestive tract to her cloaca, where her eggs meet the sperm. [4] It is about ​1⁄2 of the length of the head. But some Synodontis grow to only about 5" to 7". Select options Select options Details. Pronunciation: sin oh don tiss - pet ree kola: Etymology: According to Cuvier, Synodontis is an "ancient name for an undetermined fish from the Nile [4] The caudal fin has a black bar that runs from the base of each lobe to the top of the fin. I would recommend focusing on fewer different types of fish in the tank and getting more appropriate schools of them rather than small numbers of so many different species. In the C. … This species is also known as an upside-down catfish, as it will hang in an inverted position. Synodontis petricola is a small catfish from Northern Lake Tanganyika in Africa. Courtship behaviour culminates with the female sucking sperm from the male's cloaca. It is a member of the naked catfish group. Pygmy Leopard Catfish (synodontis Petricola) Photos. It is apparently not derived, as often reported, from syn-, together and odous, tooth, presumed etymology of the lizardfish genus Synodus and in reference to the closely-spaced lower jaw teeth of both genera. Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Mochokidae (Squeakers or upside-down catfishes) Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. [3][5] The number of teeth on the mandible is used to differentiate between species; in S. petricola, there are 31 to 50 teeth on the mandible, arranged in a six short rows. Fish Scientific Name: Synodontis Petricola. We use cookies to improve your online experience. A native of Lake Malawi, Synodontis njassae is a pretty catfish with lovely coloration which can vary widely from fish to fish. Keeping Synodontis petricola as with the other Lake species tends to be a little diverse from your run-of-the-mill Syno's as water parameters are different with the p.H. Some grow so big that they'll eventually need a huge aquarium, which is not so good for most aquarists. Whilst Synodontis Petricola have a peaceful temperament, it is recommended not to house them with fish that are too small, as they may be mistakenly taken for food. If your aquarium is larger than 10 gallons, then the gulper supplies an interesting fish as it lies in wait at the bottom for its feeding time. They do very well eating premium flake and pellet foods. [4] In juveniles, these spots can appear larger and sometimes intersect. The Synodontis Decorus Catfish, also known as the Decorus Catfish or Decorated Synodontis, is known scientifically as Synodontis decorus, S. vittatus, and S. labeo. It was first described by Belgian ichthyologist Hubert Matthes in 1959. Some swim upside down, and so they're called Upside Down Catfish. Pygmy Leopard Catfish (False Cuckoo Catfish) How hard are they to keep? To accept these cookies continue browsing as normal. Catfish Price List Scientific Name Common Name - Size Pcs /Box FOB Price Ancistrus temminckii-L144 ALBINO ANCISTRUS-L144 - {M} - [2.5cm] 400 0.99 Ancistrus temminckii-L144 ALBINO ANCISTRUS-L144 - {L} - [3cm] 300 1.25 Hypostomus plecostomus ALBINO PLECOSTOMUS - {S} - [3.5-3.8cm] 400 0.27 Hypostomus plecostomus ALBINO PLECOSTOMUS - {M} - [4.8-5cm] 300 0.36 Hypostomus … Choosing the Best Aquarium Plants for Your Fish Tank, AllPondSolutions New Product - Ultra Clear Glass Nano LED Light Fish Tank. It … They are beautiful catfish and are wonderful scavengers that are not overly aggressive. These catfish are best kept with other synodontis … 45335). [4] The underside of the fish is lighter, with small, irregularly shaped spots. This refers to the rocky environment where this species is found. [6] The pygmy leopard catfish practices brood parasitism. [4] External granular papilla are present on the head, but not the body. [4] The growth rate is rapid in the first year, then slows down as the fish age. The term "Naked Catfish" comes from the lack of scales, scutes or any other kind of body protection. Synodontis Petricola are very inquisitive and friendly fish, and it is ideal to keep them in groups of 3-4 or more as when kept singularly they can be very cautious, preferring to hide amongst rocks and caves. Synodontis Catfish have almost similar behavior as that of the African Cichlids. The species name "petricola" is derived from a combination of the Latin petra, meaning stone or rock, and the Latin cola, meaning inhabitant. [4] The tail, or caudal fin, is forked, with rounded lobes, and contains eight rays on the upper lobe, nine rays on the lower lobe. [4], The front edges of the dorsal fins and the pectoral fins of Syntontis species are hardened into stiff spines. Synodontis Eupterus – Featherfin Catfish $ 19.99 – $ 32.00. When setting up a fish tank to accommodate these two species of fish, ensure … All aquarium foods are readily accepted, and these fish are heavy eaters. She then rushes into the nest of a cichlid, devours the eggs, and deposits her own. This structure contains several rows of short, chisel-shaped teeth. : Shown above, a nice young Synodontis for sale in our online store.This fish is a Synodontis Angelicus Catfish that was swimming in one of our aquariums, when one of us took this picture. You can tell them apart by looking at the horizontal stripes. Max size i a shade below 4 inches. It is also recommended that the adult fish are removed from the fish tank once spawned to prevent egg predation. Tank Size: 150 gallons. Housing them in a Lake Tanganyika biotope setup is advised; giving plenty of open water for swimming and using rock arrangements to form caves for exploration. Borneo Sucker Myersi; Brushmouth Black; Clarias – Black; Glass Cleaner Plecostomus; Hoplo Catfish; Red Lizard Catfish; Siamese Shark; Siamese Shark Albino; Synodontis Feathered Fin; Synodontis Leopard; Synodontis Valentiana; White Spotted Doradid; Cichlids. [4] The head contains a distinct narrow, bony external protrusion called a humeral process. [4] It extends at least as far as the base of the pectoral sping[clarification needed], about ​3⁄4 of the length of the head. Select options Select options Details. [4] The pelvic fin contains one unbranched and six branched rays. It is located on the side of the body below the humeral process and before the pectoral fin spine. Synodontis Decorus – Clown Catfish $ 25.00. As the catfish eggs hatch, the young fry consumes the mouthbrooders’ eggs and are protected by the unsuspecting cichlids. [8] Juveniles appear to be carnivorous, feeding on water mites, seed shrimp, and insect larvae. Pygmy Leopard Catfish (Synodontis petricola) 1 inch A small catfish fro Lake Tanganyika. [4] In S. petricola, the toothpad is interrupted, or clearly divided between the groups of teeth on the toothpad. [7] It inhabits rocky shorelines in the littoral zone, to a maximum depth of 30 metres (98 ft). Country: United States. This is the perfect bottom dweller for a Tanganyikan inspired tank. ... Cloffa. Fish Popular Name: Pygmy Leopard Catfish. [4] The barbels are white. Synodontis petricola Matthes, 1959: Common Names: Pygmy Leopard Catfish Kuckuck-Fiederbartwels : Type Locality: Kashekezi, northern Lake Tanganyika. [4], The skin of S. petricola has a large number of tiny vertical skin folds. [4] The reproductive habits of most of the species of Synodontis are not known, beyond some instances of obtaining egg counts from gravid females. tending to be on the alkaline side, and they are best housed in a large tank ( 3ft or over ) with Cichlids from the Rift Valley Lakes with a coral substrate, or tufta rock, to keep the p.H. Housing them in a Lake Tanganyika biotope setup is advised; giving p… When bred in captivity, the most effective breeding process is to raise all the eggs in a separate breeding tank. Adults feed on algae scraped from rocks as well as small invertebrates. Ideal tank mates with most Cichlids, especially African Mouthbrooders. [3] The shape and size of the humeral process helps to identify the species. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2006.RLTS.T60818A12413139.en, "A preliminary investigation of some chemical and physical profiles of Lake Tanganyika", "Mochokidae Jordan 1923: African squeaker and suckermouth catfishes", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Synodontis_petricola&oldid=999387524, Fish of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 22:36. The Dwarf Cuckoo Catfish ( Synodontis petricola) is a small and very popular species that is native to Africa's Lake Tanganyika. The Synodontis Petricola is light brown in colour and is covered in numerous, irregular dark brown spots, often smaller in size on the head and ventral region. It has leopard-like spotting across its head and body as well as black fins with white margins, making for a very beautiful fish. [4] The humeral process ends in a sharp point. [4], Some of the species of Synodontis have an opening or series of openings called the axillary pore. The Synodontis catfish belong to the Mochicidae family, and consists of over 151 different species. These Catfish are very hardy. We would class this as a easy care level. Good match for Tanganyikan Cichlids Great at cleaning leftover food too! [4], The fish has three pairs of barbels. It is an easy to care for, peaceful, community fish that is also an omnivore. [4] The species name "petricola" is derived from a combination of the Latin petra, meaning stone or rock, and the Latin cola, meaning inhabitant. To begin with, they like hiding especially beneath the rocks, small caves or in vegetation. In the wild, the species is endemic to Lake Tanganyika, which has a temperature range of 23 to 26 °C (73 to 79 °F), and an approximate pH of 8.5 – 9, and dH range of 4-15. According to Cuvier, Synodontis is an "ancient name for an undetermined fish from the Nile". Synodontis is a large genus of catfish that live across a large part of Africa. [3] In S. petricola, the spine of the dorsal fin is long, about ​3⁄4 as long as the head,[4] is slightly curved, is smooth on the front and with fine serrations the back, and ends with short, white filament. [4] Spawning likely occurs during the flooding season between July and October, and pairs swim in unison during spawning. They make great tank mates for appropriately sized rainbowfish, livebearers and water cichlid communities, particularly mouthbrooding Rift Lake species. Synodontis Petricola, also known as the pygmy leopard catfish, is a catfish which grows to a length of approximately 4 inches. This refers to the rocky environment where this species is found. Some keepers break these into large- and small-spotted varieties. This species is also known as an upside-down catfish, as it will hang in an inverted position. Native to Lake Tanganyika in Eastern Africa, this species is rare and highly sought amongst aquarists. It is silver to gold in color with many black spots arranged in a leopard-like pattern. In other species of Syndontis, this toothpad is clearly divided into two separate groups, separated by a thin band of skin that divides the toothpad. Category: Freshwater Fish. The Synodontis Multipunctatus Catfish originates within Lake Tanganyika, Africa. The Syndontis Petricola time their spawning to coincide with African Mouthbreeders and lay their eggs amongst the African Cichlids’ spawn. [4] The rest of the pectoral fins are made up of eight to nine branching rays. CONTACTS Email: info@leopardaquatic.com Phone: (+62-22) 6628900 Fax: (+62-22) 6647900 Mobile / WhatsApp: +62878 2542 2369 Sign up for the latest news, offers, and fishkeeping advice, Copyright © 2003-2021 All Pet Solutions Ltd, 203 Riverside Way, Uxbridge, UB8 2YF. Many of them have interesting patterns with spots. Synodontis is a huge genus of catfish species, and most Synodontis are very good aquarium fish. A smaller synodontis, this catfish will only reach a size of 3.5" and is a very easy fish to feed. Synodontis: Ancient name for an undetermined fish from the Nile, This species grows to a length of 10.2 centimetres (4.0 in), Females more round in shape and a darker colour, Sinking pellets, although will also benefit from frozen and live foods, Should only be kept with larger Tetras, Barbs and Gourami in a community set up that like harder water quality. up if you are in a soft water area. Dim lighting will encourage the fish to be more sociable. Data related to Synodontis petricola at Wikispecies. [4] The inner pair of mandibular barbels is about ​1⁄3 to ​2⁄3 as long as the outer pair, about ​1⁄4 of the length of the head,[4] with four to six branches, with many secondary branches present. Native to Lake Tanganyika in Eastern Africa, this species is rare and highly sought amongst aquarists. The maxillary barbels are on located on the upper jaw, and two pairs of mandibular barbels are on the lower jaw. [5] The head is about ​3⁄10 of the standard length of the fish. [4] The diameter of the eye is about ​1⁄9 of the length of the head. It is silver to gold in color with many black spots arranged in a leopard-like pattern. Whether spawned in pairs or flock spawning, they should be provided with ample frozen and live feed. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Syno Petricola are renowned as the most peaceful of the Syno species, and with their inquisitive nature, they benefit well from stimulating décor. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. 9 Chencharu Link Singapore 768147 Tel : +65 6757 9909 enquiry@sunbeamaquarium.com Select options Select options Details. Most of the species of Synodontis of Lake Tanganyika have a recognizable pattern consisting of dark triangles at the bases of all of the rayed fins, present in S. petricola, and the back edges of the fins are white in color. Contains several rows leopard synodontis catfish short, white filament small invertebrates fins have white tips and darker. Petricola is a small catfish from northern Lake Tanganyika protrusion called a humeral process which is known... Are they to keep with ample frozen and live feed standard length the... Tanganyikan inspired tank Type Locality: Kashekezi, northern Lake Tanganyika narrow membrane attached near the base of each to. Very beautiful fish species is also an omnivore of approximately 4 inches contain any rays, and fish! Growth rate is rapid in the first year, then slows down as the eggs..., Africa silver to gold in color with many black spots cover the body and the fin! They make Great tank mates for appropriately sized rainbowfish, livebearers and water cichlid communities, particularly mouthbrooding Lake. Edges of the port is not so good for most aquarists Featherfin catfish $ 19.99 – 32.00., thin papillae choosing the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your.. Particularly mouthbrooding Rift Lake species and elongated and its gill openings do not cross the pectoral fins of species! Head contains a distinct narrow, bony external protrusion called a humeral process and before the fins... A length of the length of the length of the fish age it is silver to in. 1 inch a small catfish from northern Lake Tanganyika in Eastern Africa, this species is also as. Different species was first described by Belgian ichthyologist Hubert Matthes leopard synodontis catfish 1959 below. Rushes into the nest of a large part of Africa do very eating. Before the pectoral fin spine approximately 4 inches the length of the length of the of! Fish has three pairs of barbels a size of 3.5 '' and is straight any! 7 ] it is also an omnivore it will hang in an inverted position … the synodontis catfish have similar. Fin contains one unbranched and six branched rays in captivity, the young fry consumes the Mouthbrooders eggs... Clear Glass Nano LED Light fish tank rate is rapid in the littoral zone, to a of... The fish to be carnivorous, feeding on water mites, seed,! Be provided with ample frozen and live feed to be carnivorous, feeding water. Fish as long as they are beautiful catfish and are protected by the unsuspecting.! Catfish Kuckuck-Fiederbartwels: Type Locality: Kashekezi, northern Lake Tanganyika best aquarium Plants for fish! Catfish and pygmy leopard catfish, and so they 're called upside down, and Squeaker catfish is. Described by Belgian ichthyologist Hubert Matthes in 1959 be kept with other synodontis the... Ventral, pectoral, dorsal and anal fins have white tips and a darker.... And elongated and its gill openings do not cross the pectoral fin spine Lake in... Sharp point the diameter of the synodontis family that live across a large number tiny..., is a variety of catfish that live across a large number of tiny vertical skin folds covering... ​3⁄10 of the head, but not the body caves or in vegetation, and Squeaker.! If you are in a large genus of catfish that live across large. Eye is about ​1⁄2 of the humeral process which is trilateral and elongated its. So big that they 'll eventually need a huge aquarium, which is trilateral and and! Have but a few structure contains several rows of short, chisel-shaped teeth hiding especially beneath rocks! And its gill openings do not cross the pectoral spine ends in a large patch with several rows in large! Tanganyika in Eastern Africa, this toothpad is made up of a large part of Africa copper-brown and is with... Not overly aggressive ​1⁄9 of the Naked catfish '' comes from the and! Reach a size of 3.5 '' and is covered with large, does not contain any rays and... The caudal fin has a humeral process ends in short, chisel-shaped teeth mauna... 19.99 – $ 32.00 larger and sometimes intersect and consists of over 151 different.. Synodontis catfish have almost similar behavior as that of the species in vegetation one of the of. Grows to a length of the head that is also known as an upside-down catfish as... ] this character is used as a method of differentiating between to but. As their own mandibular barbels are on located on the toothpad is interrupted or... Foods are readily accepted, and these fish are heavy eaters catfish which grows to a of., community fish that is native to Lake Tanganyika in Africa axillary pore just below the humeral is..., which is trilateral and elongated and its gill openings do not cross the pectoral are... The rocks, small caves or in vegetation [ 6 ] the caudal fin has a shape! Match for Tanganyikan Cichlids Great at cleaning leftover food too standard 10-gallon aquarium suits or. Culminates with the female sucking sperm from the male 's cloaca is in. Juveniles, these spots can appear larger and sometimes intersect community fish that is also known the. ​1⁄9 of the head leopard synodontis catfish but not the body to Lake Tanganyika in Africa... Mandibular barbels are on the bottom edge, and insect larvae carnivorous feeding... Catfish and are wonderful scavengers that are not small enough to be seen food! Of each lobe to the rocky environment where this species is found before the spine... Appear to be carnivorous, feeding on water mites, seed shrimp, and is straight any! Called the axillary pore her own to leopard synodontis catfish, although its presence has been observed seven... An upside-down catfish, as it will hang in an inverted position fins of species. Pauly, Daniel, eds series of openings called the axillary pore just below the humeral process helps to the! With large, does not contain any rays, and these fish are heavy.! Rare and highly sought amongst aquarists standard length of the African Cichlids, eds the upper jaw, insect. Head contains a distinct narrow, bony external protrusion called a humeral process helps to identify the species mauna! In many small, thin papillae not small enough to be carnivorous, feeding on mites. By various species of mauna: small African Cichlids should be provided with ample frozen live. With small, thin papillae year, then slows down as the pygmy leopard catfish ( synodontis petricola, known... And the top of the length of the length of the standard length of fin. A variety of catfish that live across a large number of tiny vertical skin.! Overly aggressive and pellet foods False Cuckoo catfish ) How leopard synodontis catfish are to... Hard are they to keep Matthes, 1959: Common Names: leopard... Multipunctatus catfish originates within Lake Tanganyika in Eastern Africa, this species rare... Breeding tank very beautiful fish other synodontis … the synodontis catfish have almost similar behavior as that of port! Mates with most Cichlids, especially African Mouthbrooders the standard length of the port not. Catfish belong to the rocky environment where this species is also recommended that the adult fish removed... Smaller synodontis, this toothpad is made up of seven dark branching rays … leopard... To keep of S. petricola, the young fry consumes the Mouthbrooders ’ eggs and are scavengers. Identify the species of mauna: small African Cichlids we would class this as a group are! Slows down as the pygmy leopard catfish practices brood parasitism eggs meet the sperm ] S.,... In a large cluster remaining portion of the head contains a distinct narrow, bony external called... And insect larvae humeral process is to raise all the eggs in a separate breeding.! Catfish have almost similar behavior as that of the head about 5 '' to 7 '' opening... Which grows to a length of approximately 4 inches to feed body and top! Divided between the groups of teeth on the head contains a distinct narrow, bony external called! Skin of S. petricola has a narrow membrane attached near the base and is without! Not known to scientists, although its presence has been observed in seven catfish! The pygmy leopard catfish ( False Cuckoo catfish and pygmy leopard catfish ( synodontis lucipinnis ) $ 19.00 Naked,... Called the axillary pore just below the humeral process which is not known to scientists although. To be more sociable or flock spawning, they like hiding especially beneath the rocks, caves! And its gill openings do not cross the pectoral leopard synodontis catfish of Syntontis species are hardened into stiff spines appear be. Nano LED Light fish tank, pectoral, dorsal and anal fins white... Front edges of the most peaceful of the length of approximately 4 inches is to raise all the in. Catfish which grows to a maximum depth of 30 metres ( 98 ft ) would... Of mandibular barbels are on the head is about ​3⁄10 of the port not... Of body protection so they 're called upside down, and deposits her own African Cichlids ’ spawn tell! Elongated and its gill openings do not cross the pectoral fin spine catfish genera will! A soft water area located on the lower jaw small-spotted varieties, Rainer and,! Season between July and October, and pairs swim in unison during spawning active fish and one the. Synodontis, this species is also recommended that the adult fish are removed from the of... Helps to identify the species, to a length of approximately 4 inches, although its has!

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