While many infusion pumps are designed for bedbound patients or patients in the operating room, there are ambulatory versions available. Insulin pumps are small, computerized devices that mimic the way the human pancreas works by delivering small doses of short acting insulin continuously (basal rate). Since many pumps operate very quietly, they have buzzers and alarms which light up when the pump is not working properly, to alert people to problems which may not be identified by ear. Infusion sets fall into two categories: - angled sets. University of California, San Francisco. There are a variety of custom-made accessories available so you can carry your insulin pump with style. Unlike injection, infusion uses a pump or the natural force of gravity to deliver fluids into the body. Accessed May 11, 2014. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/medication/insulin/insulin-pumps.html. - tubing. People who are active or sweat a lot may need to use tape (such as Hy-Tape, IV3000, Micropore, Polyskin, Tegaderm, and Transpore) or stronger adhesive products (such as Mastisol) to keep the infusion set in place. This can be used to deliver low targeted doses to patients. American Diabetes Association. exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. If we now opened the clamp on the tube that connects the cannula to the bottle, allowing the liquid to flow, the bottle would empty itself quite quickly under gravity. Available at: http://dtc.ucsf.edu/types-of-diabetes/type1/treatment-of-type-1-diabetes/medications-and-therapies/type-1-insulin-pump-therapy. There are two main categories of infusion pumps: large volume pumps, which can feed a patient, and small-volume pumps, that focus mostly on hormones or medication. Before purchasing, verify your insurance company's return policy on devices and reimbursement of any deductible or copayments. In general, the infusion set of traditional insulin pumps should be changed every two to three days. But unlike traditional pumps, the parts are contained in one In the pump, there's a computer chip that determines the exact dosage and when it's released into your body. Available at: http://www.diabeteseducator.org/export/sites/aade/_resources/pdf/research/12-30-11-AADE_Insulin_WhitePaper_Print.pdf. It is totally portable so you are not attached to an IV pole; it can be carried in a pocket or pouch. This article discuss how an insulin pump works and the merits of the insulin pump … When a patient needs a prolonged infusion of medication, a pump is often better than a nurse or other medical care provider, because it moves at a slow, steady rate. Infusion. Diabetes Education Online: Type 1 Insulin Pump Therapy. - tubing. AADE White Paper. Traditional insulin pumps contain three main parts: - pump. A pump also replaces the need for multiple daily injections with a continuous insulin infusion, and also helps to improve your blood sugar levels. The container is filled with medicine through an opening at the top. Battery: Provides the power needed for the insulin pump to work ; Note: The tubing, cannula and the adhesive patch are referred to as the infusion set. A thin plastic tube (catheter) is connected to the insulin reservoir and insulin flows into the subcutaneous tissue through the infusion set. An infusion pump draws fluid from a standard bag of intravenous fluid and controls the rate of flow. People with type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin, a hormone that helps the body use sugar (glucose), a key source of energy that comes from carbohydrates. This cannula is inserted under the skin, usually on the abdomen. It requires expensive materials, which is why doctors usually use it for terminally ill patients or those who are in a lot of pain. - straight sets. This amount can be as little as 0.1 milliliters per hour, a dose a human cannot give without mechanical assistance. Small-volume pumps infuse hormones, such as insulin, or other medicines, such as opiates. The fluid ejects at an accurate and precise rate during infusion pump mode, when the pusher block pushes against the plunger of a secured syringe. This cannula is inserted under the skin, usually on the abdomen. What Factors Affect Intravenous Drip Rates? Because it can use any size bag of intravenous fluid, an infusion pump can be used to deliver fluids at either a very slow or very fast infusion rate. Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the Most pumps come with built-in bolus calculators to help you figure out how much insulin you need at mealtime based on your glucose levels and the amount of carbohydrates you are eating. This will give a controlled amount of drugs very slowly into your bloodstream. 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